Human trafficking is the trade in humans, most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor or for the extraction of organs or tissues, including surrogacy and ova removal. Human trafficking can occur within a country or internationally. Human trafficking is a crime against the person because of the violation of the victim’s rights through coercion and exploitation. Victims of human trafficking are generally forced to work for or provide services to the trafficker or others. They are held against their will through acts of coercion. The work or services may include anything from bonded or forced labor to commercialized sexual exploitation.
Trafficking is a lucrative industry, representing an estimated $32 billion per year in international trade, compared to the estimated annual $650 billion for all illegal international trade circa 2010.